National Master plan For Israel
New Planning Principles
NMP One has established a series of new design principles, especially in the open-space sections. For example: the principle of continuity, which is - providing free, open and accessible passage along the shores, and along the waterways; the principle that the beaches are common, open to the public as a whole. A basin concept in river planning that relates to the entire basin and its effects on the creek;
Addition of '' protected '' areas - nature reserves, forests, national parks, coastal complexes and streams
Alongside the reorganization of the national planning system, one can not overlook the great gospel of NMP One- the significant addition of '' protected areas '', nature reserves, forests, national parks, coastal complexes and river basins, on a large scale (about half a million dunams). ). By doing so, NMP One significantly strengthens the balance system and the protection envelope against ever-increasing development pressures in the country.
The role of national outline plans to safeguard the public interest, the limited land resources of the State of Israel, prevents the closure and blocking of the many desirable beaches, allows for a leisurely stroll in the heart of a forest or nature reserve, far from the hustle and bustle of development. In order to enable productive agricultural areas, they establish ecological corridors, ensure movement and continuity between plant and animal species, provide residential areas for a growing population, determine desalination facilities, continuous water supply, even in drought years, regulate the energy sector, gas supply Natural and electricity, and more and more.
In a small, dense and stressful country, it is difficult to find the right balance between development needs and providing livelihoods to the population, in the face of nature conservation, landscape and heritage values. It is national planning that should address this complexity.
NMP 1 is a pillar of efforts to achieve planning harmony, which connects different areas, and tries to balance different and opposing trends. The test of its success will henceforth be its impact on the design of rules and principles, a concise and simple language in the descriptive field of planning in Israel.
NMP One is a program with a social face - it appeals to the general public in two respects:
1. Bright, simple and effervescent lip; It is understandable to every person. The national planning system will be open, understandable and now accessible to all.
2. It is a scheme enacted on the basis of sustainable development principles, essentially broad vision, comprehensive balance, and far-sightedness - and the purpose of which is the public interest preference.
In this respect, one is a kind of new creation, a desire to achieve a better, balanced, sustainable world that sees the good of this generation and future generations.
In 2012, the government decided on the preparation of one national master plan, which will unite all national master plans. The decision comes against the backdrop of the multitude of plans, duplicates, contradictions and their lack of clarity, making it difficult for planning procedures.
The planning challenge - on rules and details
The challenge facing the work teams was to convert many programs, dealing with various issues and which go down to detail, into one planning fabric, which would coordinate and unite them all. The role of a national master plan is to guide a way, to set principles and outlines for the plans and actions that follow. Teaching a way is done by rules, and it is not possible to drown out the details. ''
In order to move from the details to the rules, each individual national outline plan was examined, and its rules and principles were identified. These rules - with the required changes - will now apply to the entire program system. Thus, two "planning floors" were created: the upper floor containing rules, definitions, definitions and guidelines, which are very effective for any planning issue. On the lower floor, the themed chapters were grouped with their details: water, energy, transport, streams, nature reserves and forests, beaches, etc.
The rules upstairs are always true. For example: the principle of linking infrastructure and integrating it, to prevent infrastructure dispersal, and waste and damage in open areas; Principle of minimizing environmental impacts and preventing harm to natural values; The requirement to coordinate the planning systems that are in close proximity or encounter with other infrastructures. If so far, these provisions have been the subject of only a few plans, and no other plans have been made, then these are the principles and rules that apply to any plan: from the construction of a desalination plant, the installation of a water pipe or a power line, to the establishment of a nature reserve visitor center.
This transition, specifications and rules and principles, resulted in significant shortening, repetition and duplication, and created a uniform, clear and easy-to-find language for all national outline plans. The program framework has so far included 17 outline plans. This created the infrastructure for the continuation of the move, and for the addition of other plans to the process.
The fear of the unknown
The preparation of a single GDPR took seven years to complete. Why has the work become so lengthy? One of the reasons is the fear of undermining the old order. These plans - for their advantages and disadvantages, are familiar to planners and decision makers. These sweeping changes may weaken them. Debugging details and formulating rules and principles bring to the unknown. The fear of him and his desire to remain on the safe and familiar beach has led to objections to the planning process throughout.
These concerns were in large part borne by the green bodies, who are committed to preserving the values of nature, heritage and open spaces. In the end, and after talks and discussions and uninterrupted discussions, the arrangements were finalized. The widespread loss of time in these processes resulted in the widespread agreement of all the parties supporting the plan today.
Substantial changes in one GDP
In addition to the condensation and consolidation processes, one TMA also made significant updates and changes to its plans. (In the instructions and plans of the program). These changes were required due to the obsolescence of the programs (some of the 1970s and 1980s), and the need to update and adapt to current conditions.